Deuteronomy 24 talks about divorce, (1-4), newly wed man, man kidnapper, security of debt, inspection of leprosy by priests, pledges and payment to day job man (5-13), justice and generosity (14-22).
All the laws seem to make sense to us except the divorce section. Jesus said that Moses allowed divorce only as a concession to your hard heart, but it was not what God had originally intended. (Matthew 19:8 NLT). The original intent of course is one man marry one woman and two become one (Genesis 2:24, Mark 8:10, Ephesians 5:31, 1 Corinthians 6:16). Divorce is like a surgical procedure dissecting a person into two. The consequences are both painful and brutal.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible commentary explains the process of divorce accompanied two conditions: 1) the preparation of the divorcement was a legal process which afforded time for reflection and repentance. 2) In the event of the divorced wife being married to another husband, she could not, on the termination of that second marriage, be restored to her first husband, however desirous he might be to receive her.Of the woman that was
dismissed by her husband with a bill of divorcement. These two conditions might prevent the evils incident permitted by the system.
The reason for divorce is indecency or uncleanness which does not signify adultery for this was punished by death. It was something the husband found her hateful, disgraceful or shameful. These made the marriage relationship very uncomfortable. The marriage relationship might deteriorate to an abusive relationship. A divorce was permitted to keep the woman safe and prevent the husband from doing more evils to his wife.
This law applies to a fallen mankind in order to prevent further sinning upon the Land. This Law fell short of the ideal. —- Alan Yam