2019-6-8

约伯记 18

本章伊始,约伯三友之一比勒达的解决方案是:“约伯你给我闭嘴。”(见第二节)何有此一说?因为他认定约伯是“不义”和“不认识神之人。”(21)

本书是希伯来文学,第二节和二十一节呼应为本章的绪论与结论,三到二十节是内容。10, 11, 与12节成为比勒达发言的中心内容,说白了就是:“活该如此”。很可惜,慷慨激昂的比勒达发言中表达的神学思想,是异教神学:有好报是好人,否则是就坏人。

使徒行传记载:保罗赴罗马上诉凯撒,海上历尽艰险后登陆马耳他岛,又被蛇咬。土人们彼此对话中,我们看到与比勒达相同的异教神学:“这人必是个凶手,虽然从海里救上来,天理还不容他活着。”(徒28:4)

动辄定罪如法利赛人,有害无益,最终只能说明脑筋不愿运转。

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Job 18 starts with such a solution Bildad offers: “You shut up, Job.” (2) , because he is convicted that Job is “wicked” and “knoweth not God.”(21)

This is a Hebrew literature. v.2 and v.21 serve as the chapter’s introduction and summary, whereas v.3 to v.20 is the content. vv. 10-12, then, is basically the core message of this chapter expressing such a theme: “suffering you deserve.” Unfortunately, Bildad’s impassionate speech communicates a popular pagan theology: Good things only happen to good guys, and misfortune is always due for the evil.

In Acts 28, on his journey to Rome for appealing to Caesar, Paul went through the tough sea and finally landed on the island Malta, where he was bitten by a viper. Being shocked, the natives discussed with each other: “No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he has escaped the sea, yet justice does not allow to live.” (4, NKJV. Here justice should be rendered Justice, the Greek goddess of justice Dike) This is basically the same idea as that of Bildad’s.

It is harmful to be judgmental, like the Pharisees, to the fellow saints who shares the same divine Master with us.

— David Yip

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